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10,000 Hour Rule Debunked

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If you’re familiar with Malcolm Gladwell’s 2008 book, Outliers, you’ve probably heard about the 10000-hour rule. According to the author, it takes 10000 hours of practice to be a master at anything—be it music, business, sports, or anything else beyond and in between.

The thought that practice makes perfect could be inspiring, but it might be an overly simplistic way to look at things. We’ll look at studies that debunk the claim and look at alternative ways to look at practice and skill progress.

The Issue with Malcolm Gladwell’s 10000 Hours Theory

Before we bust the myth, let’s look at the pieces of evidence laid out by the author to conclude that 10000 hours is all it takes to be a master.

Gladwell’s 10000-hour rule roots from a 1993 study titled, “The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance.” The study, authored by University of Colorado professor Anders Ericsson, says expert performance comes from prolonged efforts to improve. In support of that, elite performers are reportedly related to the amount of focused practice.

Despite Outliers citing his study, even Ericsson himself doesn’t agree with Gladwell’s claim. In fact, he launched a rebuttal paper four years after Outliers hit the market. Ericsson argued that 10000 hours was an average and that some people even put in fewer hours but still managed to be masters.

Below are three factors why experts don’t agree with the main concept of Outliers.

10000 Hours: Quantity vs. Quality

The 10000 hours rule centers on practice quantity as it offers a fixed amount of time to set aside for practice. In skills mastery, however, practice quantity may not be as crucial as practice quality. For instance, 10000 hours of casual practice may not lead to skills honed by 5000 hours of focused practice. 

According to Ericsson, it’s vital to set the generic practice apart from a deliberate practice done with a certain goal in mind. After all, doing something over and over again may make your body used to the task, but not necessarily lead to improved skills. That said, it’s required to adjust the task many times over to attain one’s goal.

Physical Factors

A person’s physical makeup poses another loophole in the 10000-hour rule. For one, Gladwell’s theory solely focuses on the time spent in practice. It assumes that all people can attain the same level of mastery without looking at factors like genes.  

Barcelona-based Biomedical, Evolutionary, and Developmental Genetics professor David Bueno says genetics is a crucial factor in learning. Bueno may have agreed that practice is key to student learning. However, he says there is high genetic heritability in most brain functions related to learning. He also mentioned that genes could affect not physical traits but also cognitive and psychological ones. And these factors all relate to skill mastery.

Feedback 

Here’s another crucial factor when it comes to honing skills: feedback, ideally from an expert in that field. Psychologist and journalist Daniel Goleman says hours and hours of practice will not let you achieve mastery if you’re doing it the wrong way. 

Goleman says there must be a “feedback loop” that will allow you to spot errors and correct them. The feedback should come from an expert who knows the ins and outs of the field for the best results.

Despite experts debunking Gladwell’s 10000 hour-rule, one can still get some value from his 2008 tome. After all, the main point of the book is to push people to work hard and make time to hone their skills if they want to be masters at what they do.

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Elon Musk’s Boring Company’s proposed Fort Lauderdale transit loop receives mixed reactions

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Elon Musk is the one guy you can turn to for the craziest ideas. But is his proposed transit loop in Fort Lauderdale really happening? 

Boring Company, the brainchild of Elon Musk, provides low-cost transportation, fast-to-dig, freight, and utility tunnels. To date, the company has only dug three tunnels, one of which is the Los Angeles test tunnel. The other two are the underground 0.8-mile Las Vegas Convention Center tunnels. 

Now, Boring Company is looking into building another transit loop connecting Fort Lauderdale’s downtown to its beach. Passengers will be brought from point A to B in standard Teslas. Although Fort Lauderdale Mayor Dean Trantalis said it’s an “innovative and unprecedented” way of alleviating street-level traffic, many people are still skeptical about Musk’s proposed transit loop.

It appears that this transit loop project called the “Las Ollas Loop” is just one out of the many proposed tunnels by Musk. The Boring Company had announced projects such as the Chicago loop system and the DC-to-Baltimore tunnel. However, both have seemingly been cancelled, with the latter eliminated from the company’s website. 

This makes everyone wonder: Is the proposed transit loop hot air?

Transit loop drew flak

Although the Boring Company and Fort Lauderdale are in the works of materializing the said plan, engineers, experts, and people concerned are still dubious of the tunnel due to Florida rising sea levels. In addition, many people fear that due to the city’s location, the “Loop” might cause flood risks. 

Climate change might have a huge impact on the fulfillment of the transit loop. Some say if it indeed pushes through, then engineers would have to find a way to use technology and features that fight the impact of climate change. This would have to involve extensive investigation from an engineering and structural perspective. 

Another concern is Florida’s limestones, which make it hard to optimize tunnelling machines due to the natural holes. Moreover, the city dons many underground aquifers, which experts claim need to be protected as well. However, the Boring Company is open to studying the geological aspect on which path to dig that leads to the beach. It can avoid risks and drastic environmental impact.

But one of the valid concerns from transportation planners is why Fort Lauderdale would settle for standard Teslas? With that, they’ll need to drive hundreds of passengers from downtown to the beach when a bus or train can accommodate more. 

Mayor Dean Transalis stays positive

Fort Lauderdale Mayor Dean Transalis is nothing but excited about Musk’s proposed transit loop. Aside from solving traffic in the most congested streets in the city, this project will also relieve parking stress at Fort Lauderdale’s beaches. 

The city of Fort Lauderdale is now seeing an expected $30-million budget for this transit loop. This is despite the Boring Company’s promise of faster construction times and lower costs. However, this promise received criticism from tunnel industry experts and engineers. They say the company doesn’t have new technology for building tunnels. 

Talks from Fort Lauderdale Vice Mayor and Governor are now looking into opening the transit loop by the end of 2022. 

Regardless of the skepticism from transportation and tunnel experts, the Boring Company remains optimistic about the project. They said a ride in standard Teslas that brings people from downtown Fort Lauderdale to the beach would cost each person $5 to $8. This is in comparison to a similar route with Uber, which will cost $10 per person. 

But Mayor Dean Transalis hasn’t yet closed the deal on the Boring Company’s proposal. Instead, he offered other tunnel-digging companies to submit better and more innovative tunnelling methods within 45 days.

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Bird and Scootaround Team Up to Offer On-Demand e-Scooters in NYC

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A gap in the electric wheelchair market was seen by vehicle company Scootaround over 22 years ago. While vacationing in Hawaii, the founder’s family expressed their disappointment about the lack of mobility scooters for rent. This is how the big transportation solutions company Scootaround came to be. Now, scooter company Bird has seen the same opportunity, hence, partnering with the 20-year old transportation service Scootaround. 

Bird and Scootaround team up to offer on-demand electric wheelchair rental services to New York City this summer. Bird is on a mission to make vacationing, travelling, or going around NYC comfortable even for people with disabilities. 

Ban on e-scooters lifted

Electric scooters weren’t always welcomed in NYC. Before November 2020, NYC civilians posed a concern about reckless two-wheeled or four-wheeled drivers. There was a surge of electric scooters in the streets of New York, and people have stated that they’re a “nuisance.” 

This concern prompted NYC lawmakers to ban the use of electric scooters. However, during the start of the pandemic, people realized how convenient e-scooters were for essential workers. This, again, prompted lawmakers to lift the ban on using throttle-controlled e-bikes and e-scooters altogether. 

Of course, this comes with a few rules on riders. Only riders aged 16 up will be allowed to run on e-scooters and e-bikes. Moreover, riders below 18 must wear a helmet while on their electric scooters. Finally, some throttle-controlled bikes will require riders to wear helmets for safety as well. 

Gov. Cuomo had approved a tentative budget legalizing any electric mobility device, including e-bikes and e-scooters. This was a year after he had vetoed a similar legalization bill passed in 2019. Thus, a decade of back-and-forth is now coming into place as the e-bike, or e-scooter budget is now approved. 

NYC is now one of the cities that allows electric scooters, along with Atlanta, Washington, and San Francisco. 

Bird’s pilot program

NYC will now be seeing more of Bird’s electric scooters this summer. Bird has chosen the perfect trusted company for transportation services, Scootaround, for its pilot program built for sustainability. 

Bird promises a better and more convenient way of moving around NYC for people with mobility issues. Both companies are now making mobility service transportations accessible by tapping a few buttons on the Bird mobile application. 

Bird first announced Bird Zero in 2018, an electric scooter designed for ride sharing with longer battery life. Not long after, Bird created the Bird Platform to provide individual operators to use the platform for advertising their own shared, branded e-scooters. Bird reached over 10 million rides that year. 

Now that two of the most reliable scooter companies have teamed up to provide better transportation services, people with mobility issues can now select, reserve, and pay for their chosen electric scooter, including the WHILL Model C. A design with a more excellent aesthetic, reliable wheel structure, and prompt joystick feature.

How to reserve

Bird boasts a user-friendly interface to conveniently reserve and pay for an electric scooter. Riders can go to the bottom button on the Bird app. Then, select among three available vehicle types.

They would have to input the rent duration, which is from one to 14 days, and preferred pick-up and drop-off locations. 

Furthermore, riders will receive an in-person demo on using, storing, and charging the electric scooter. In addition to that, a toll-free number is also provided for any questions or concerns about the rental process or vehicle. 

With the campaign rolling out in the summer, people with mobility issues will now be more confident in roaming around NYC. No more concerns about e-scooter rentals as Bird lets everyone travel comfortably, with a minimal carbon footprint.

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Xbox Launches New Games and A Mini-Fridge

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If you’re an Xbox fan, then you’re probably excited about the upcoming titles the gaming giant has recently announced. And what about the mini-fridge that it’s introducing to users? But we’ll get to that later.

Microsoft and Sony released three gaming consoles last year – Xbox Series S, Xbox Series X, and PlayStation. And this year, fans can’t wait to get a load of new games. Not one to disappoint fans, Microsoft launched 30 never-before-played versions, including Halo Infinite. 

If you want to try most of the new games, you’ll be glad to know that 27 of them will be available for subscribers of Xbox Games Pass. But you already know that if you tuned in to the recent Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3) held remotely on a livestream.

Leaked Trailer

Even before the event, some fans were already talking about Starfield – an all-new space RPG made by Bethesda. The Washington Post leaked the trailer accidentally, and gamers aren’t complaining. 

Starfield was made by the game studio that Microsoft acquired for $7.5 billion, along with ZeniMax Media. For fans waiting for the game, you’ll have to wait for a little longer – more than a year, to be exact. Starfield is due to be released on November 11, 2022.

According to Bethesda Game Studios, Starfield is a game they’ve always dreamed of playing. However, they had to wait until the hardware and tech were available. That said, they’re certainly happy that innovations have made it possible to come up with such a product today. And they’re surely hoping to earn fat revenues from the innovation.

Games to Watch Out For

Aside from Starfield, fans are also intrigued about Forza Horizon 5. After all, many are expecting it to take full advantage of the newest Xbox consoles’ next-generation tech.

As mentioned, most of the games discussed will be available in the Xbox Games Pass service. For those not familiar, the monthly fee is $15 in exchange for access to the games. Added to that, subscribers can also access Xbox game streaming service, allowing them to stream games online. Think of it as a service somehow akin to Netflix.

Meanwhile, Halo players will be happy to get their hands on Halo Infinite. The newest version will launch this fall, so fans will surely be looking forward to pumpkin spice season.

Forza Horizon 5, on the other hand, is another title to check out. Set in Mexico, the version uses real-world videos and photos of Mexican places. Stalker 2 is also part of the roster of new Xbox games. This is based in Chernobyl with zombie elements. So, perhaps, you may expect radioactive zombies? The game is due for release on April 28, 2022.

If you’re a Jack Sparrow fan, you might want to check out Sea of Thieves: A Pirate’s Life. This online pirate game is launching a free update and with new characters to boot. With a storyline based on The Pirates of the Caribbean franchise, you can never go wrong. 

For fans craving villain-focused games, Far Cry 6 is another one to watch out for. It’s due October 7, so only a few more months before gamers see the rollout of this new title.

Xbox Mini-Fridge

Now, let’s talk about the Xbox mini-fridge. It may have started as a meme, but the company turned it into reality. In fact, makers are planning to launch it later this year. Netflix and chill? Maybe Xbox and chill will be just as popular soon.

Microsoft already said the mini-fridge would be “the world’s most powerful mini-fridge.” The product will launch on holidays 2021.

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